World Travelling Guide
World Travelling Guide



Accommodation in Southern Africa and South Africa including accommodation in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo Province, North West Province, Free State, Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga

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Vatican City Travelling Guide
Vatican City Travelling Guide

General background: Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope's holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of "prisoner" popes and Italy were resolved in 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. In 1984, a concordat between the Holy See and Italy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include the failing health of Pope John Paul II, inter-religious dialogue and reconciliation, and the adjustment of church doctrine in an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1 billion people worldwide profess the Catholic faith.

Area comparative: About 0.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC.

Climate: Temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to mid-May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)

Terrain: Low hill

Population: 900 (July 2002 est.)

Ethnic groups: Italians, Swiss, other

Religions: Roman Catholic

Language: Italian, Latin, French, various other languages.

Government type: Ecclesiastical

Capital: Vatican City

Legal system: NA

Economic overview: This unique, non-commercial economy is supported financially by contributions (known as Peter's Pence) from Roman Catholics throughout the world, the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications. The incomes and living standards of lay workers are comparable to, or somewhat better than, those of counterparts who work in the city of Rome.

Communication/Telephone system: Automatic exchange.

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