World Travelling Guide
World Travelling Guide

Accommodation in Southern Africa and South Africa including accommodation in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo Province, North West Province, Free State, Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga

List of Countries
Map of South America

Uruguay Travelling Guide
Uruguay Travelling Guide

General background: A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement, the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to agree to military control of his administration in 1973. By the end of the year the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.

Area comparative: Slightly smaller than the state of Washington.

Climate: Warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown.

Terrain: Mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland.

Population: 3,386,575 (July 2002 est.)

Ethnic groups: White 88%, Mestizo 8%, Black 4%, Amerindian

Religions: Roman Catholic 66% (less than half of the adult population attends church regularly), Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, nonprofessing or other 31%

Language: Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)

Government type: Constitutional republic

Capital: Montevideo

Legal system: Based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.

Economic overview: Uruguay's economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated workforce, and high levels of social spending. After averaging growth of 5% annually in 1996-98, in 1999-2001 the economy suffered from lower demand in Argentina and Brazil, which together account for nearly half of Uruguay's exports. Despite the severity of the trade shocks, Uruguay's financial indicators remained more stable than those of its neighbors, a reflection of its solid reputation among investors and its investment-grade sovereign bond rating - one of only two in South America. Challenges for the government of President Jorge BATLLE include reducing the budget deficit, expanding Uruguay's trade ties beyond its Mercosur trade partners, and reducing the costs of public services. GDP fell by 1.3% in 2000 and by 1.5% in 2001.

Communication/Telephone system: Fully digitalized

Places of interest: It contains one of South America's most interesting capitals, Montevideo, charming colonial towns and a cluster of internationally renowned beach resorts.

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