|General background: The third smallest state
in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims
to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition,
it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus
in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with
that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic
also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
Area comparative: About 0.3 times the size
of Washington, DC.
mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Population: 27,730 (July 2002 est.)
Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian
Religions: Roman Catholic
Government type: Independent republic
Capital: San Marino
Legal system: Based on civil law system with
Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory
Economic overview: The tourist sector contributes
over 50% of GDP. In 2000 more than 3 million tourists
visited San Marino. The key industries are banking,
wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural
products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level
of output and standard of living are comparable to
those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which
supplies much of its food.
Communication/Telephone system: Adequate connections.
Places of interest: Magnificent views of the
Adriatic coastline and the Po river plains.