World Travelling Guide
World Travelling Guide

Accommodation in Southern Africa and South Africa including accommodation in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo Province, North West Province, Free State, Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga

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Gibraltar Travelling Guide
Gibraltar Travelling Guide

General background: Strategically important, Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a 1967 referendum, Gibraltarians ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. Spain and the UK are discussing the issue of Gibraltar and have set the goal of reaching an agreement by mid-2002.

Area comparative: About 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC.

Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers.

Terrain: A narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar.

Population: 27,714 (July 2002 est.)

Ethnic groups: Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese

Religions: Roman Catholic 76.9%, Church of England 6.9%, Muslim 6.9%, Jewish 2.3%, none or other 7% (1991)

Language: English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Russian

Government type: NA

Capital: Gibraltar

Legal system: English law

Economic overview: Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an international conference centre. The British military presence has been sharply reduced and now contributes about 11% to the local economy. The financial sector accounts for 20% of GDP; tourism (almost 6 million visitors in 1998), shipping services fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. In recent years, Gibraltar has seen major structural change from a public to a private sector economy, but changes in government spending still have a major impact on the level of employment.

Communication/Telephone system: Adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities.

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