World Travelling Guide
World Travelling Guide

Accommodation in Southern Africa and South Africa including accommodation in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo Province, North West Province, Free State, Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga

List of Countries
Map of Central America

El Salvador Travelling Guide
El Salvador Travelling Guide

General background: El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.

Area comparative: Slightly smaller than Massachusetts

Climate: Tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

Terrain: Mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

Population: 6,353,681 (July 2002 est.)

Ethnic groups: Mestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, White 9%

Religions: Roman Catholic 83%

Language: Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Government type: Republic

Capital: San Salvador

Legal system: Based on civil and Roman law, with traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations.

Economic overview: El Salvador is a struggling Central American economy which has been suffering from a weak tax collection system, factory closings, the aftermaths of Hurricane Mitch of 1998 and the devastating earthquakes of early 2001, and weak world coffee prices. On the bright side, in recent years inflation has fallen to single digit levels, and total exports have grown substantially. The trade deficit has been offset by remittances (an estimated $1.6 billion in 2000) from Salvadorans living abroad and by external aid. As of 1 January 2001, the US dollar was made legal tender alongside the colon. Growth in 2002 will depend largely on the speed of recovery in the US.

Communication/Telephone system: Nationwide microwave radio relay system

Places of interest:

Travel tips: El Salvador is not geared to independent travelers. Earthquakes and tremors are common, be careful and cautious when traveling.